China is located at the east coast of the largest continent (Eurasia) as well as the western margin of the largest ocean (Pacific). It has a land area of about 9.6 million square km, occupying 6.5 percent of the total land area of the world. Its population of more than 1.3 billion accounts for approximately one-fifth of the world population.
China has more than 32000 km of and a boundary line of more than 20,000 km. It is bordered to the north-east by DPR Korea, to the north by Russia and Mongolia, to the west and south-west from north to south by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkin, Bhutan and to the south by Burma, Laos and Vietnam.
Chinese historical records reach back into the realm of legend, 5,000 years ago. In 221 BCE, Qin Shi Huangdi assumed the throne, conquering neighbouring city-states, and unifying China. He founded the Qin Dynasty, which lasted only until 206 BCE. In the Han era, China expanded west as far as India, opening trade along what would later become the Silk Road. In 1271, the Mongolian ruler Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis) established the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). China flowered again under the Ming (1368-1644), creating great art and exploring as far as Africa.
The final Chinese dynasty, the Qing, ruled from 1644 to 1911, when the Last Emperor was overthrown. Power struggles between warlords such as Sun Yat-Sen touched off the Chinese Civil War. Although the war was interrupted for a decade by the Japanese invasion and World War II, it picked up again once Japan was defeated. Mao Zedong and the Communist Peoples Liberation Army won the Chinese Civil War, and China became the Peoples' Republic of China in 1949. Chiang Kai Shek, leader of the losing Nationalist forces, fled to Taiwan.
The climate in China is generally moderate with four distinct seasons, so it is a favourable place for habitation and living. In most areas, it is cold and dry in winter, with great differences through the south to the north, while it’s hot and humid in summer, with little differences between the south and the north. Precipitation decreases from the southeast coast to the northwest inland gradually.
The standard language in China is Mandarin Chinese, a universal language used by every ethnic group. In addition to mandarin, there are 80 languages in this multinational and multilingual nation.
The People's Republic of China is a socialist republic ruled by a single party, the Communist Party of China.
When it comes to economics, China has been the world's fastest growing country for the past 30 years. Even during the financial crisis, China's economic growth has maintained a level of 8%. The world's top 500 companies all do business in China, with many choosing to base their Asia-Pacific headquarters in the bustling Chinese cities of Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing.
More than 2,000 years ago, there were students from East Asia and the Arab States who came to China to study. From the 19th century onwards, China began to build modern universities. After the founding of The People's Republic of China in 1949, an increasing number of universities were established. During the 1950s, Chinese universities began to accept students from Vietnam and Eastern European countries.
Today, around 600 of China's roughly 3000 universities are enrolling students from around the world. As China's economy continues to develop, coming to China to study has become increasingly popular. In 2009, there were about 240,000 international students studying in China. Some pursue their degree here; others attend short-term programs to study Chinese language and culture.Internationally recognized qualifications
China's higher education system boasts a strong reputation worldwide, while China's manufacturing industries are renowned for their international competitiveness. Chinese university graduates are welcomed by leading universities in North America, Europe, Japan, Australia and other countries. Every year, there are about 20 thousand students graduates in China who go to study or work in countries all over the world.
As of April 2009, the Chinese government has signed mutual recognition agreements with 64 countries and regions.General application requirements
International students who want to study at Chinese universities must meet the general requirements set out by both the Chinese government and the university they apply to.
Universities may have additional application requirements. Make sure you ask for detailed information before applying.
Check more details about applying for a degree in China.
Apply for a university in China through CUCAS.
Universities in China are usually public universities, and only public universities can award degrees.
China is striving to build more excellent universities, and investing heavily in higher education.
Chinese universities offer degrees in Chinese language, traditional Chinese medicine, martial arts, history, philosophy, sports, and Chinese folk arts (music, dance, painting, etc.), as well as subjects such as mathematics, engineering, science and medicine, in addition to economics, finance, trade and management. Chinese MBAs are especially highly regarded.
Study programmes offered by Chinese universities include short courses, language studies, undergraduate or associate programmes, masters and doctorates. In China, undergraduate study programmes take 4 to 5 years to complete, while associate degrees are awarded after 2 or 3 years of study. Master programmes take 2 to 3 years, while doctorates require at least 3 years of research to complete.
However, China has some 450 higher education institutions qualified to accept international students. Of these, more than 30 institutions offer courses taught in English to foreigners looking to study abroad in China. English-taught courses in China are offered in such fields as business, computer science, economics, engineering, environmental sciences, international communications, and more.
Essentially, there are three options for prospective students looking for English-taught programmes in China:
Foreign students studying in China are required to hold an ordinary passport and either a X1 visa (study period of more than 180 days) or a X2 visa (study period of no more than 180 days.).
Documentation required for the X1 visa:
Besides the documentation mentioned above, other documents might be required by visa officers in order to decide whether to issue the visa on a case-by-case basis.
For detailed information about the Chinese study visa contact your local Chinese embassy or consulate.
Read this article explaining more about the student visa for China.